Periodontics refers to the treatment and maintenance of the structures that support your teeth, the gums and bone matter.
Gingivitis is the earliest form of periodontitis, or gum disease. If you experience an occasional swelling of the gums, gums that bleed after brushing or flossing, itchy gums, or bright red or purple gums, chances are you have gingivitis. Gingivitis can be treated by having your teeth professionally cleaned, followed by a strict oral hygiene regimen, including anti-bacterial rinses.
Left untreated, gingivitis can escalate into periodontitis. This means bacteria living in the plaque on your teeth infects the surrounding gum tissue. There are other risk factors that can contribute to the disease, including smoking, genetic tendencies, and undiagnosed diabetes. Periodontitis symptoms include those of gingivitis, as well as a metallic taste in the mouth, receding gums, enlarged spaces between the gums and teeth, severe halitosis (bad breath), and even loose teeth. As the infection takes over the tissue, even the jawbone can recede, ultimately causing loose teeth.
Periodontitis is a progressive disease. This means the longer it takes to institute treatment, the further the disease progresses. Early recognition is key. To rid your mouth of periodontitis, Drs. Hoover & Yanda remove the buildup of bacterial plaque through scaling or sonic vibration. In addition, a time released antibiotic can be placed between the teeth and gums, which also helps to reduce plaque and combat the disease. In extreme cases, our patients may be referred to a specialty periodontist.
For more information on periodontics or to schedule an appointment call our Hudson office immediately!