What causes cysts in the mouth?
One of the most common causes for formation of cysts in the mouth is when a salivary gland gets disconnected for from the duct that releases saliva into the mouth. The duct can get blocked by mucous, a salivary stone or can be severed by trauma.
We all have three sets of major glands in our mouths that produce saliva. Additionally, we have scores of small accessory glands in the lining of the mouth. A minor trauma like a fall or a blow to the face can sever a gland from the duct that lets the liquid flow. Saliva can accumulate and form a pocket, or cyst. The cyst looks like a blister. The saliva pools and the cyst enlarges until the pressure bursts, releasing the saliva. Until the area heals completely, the cysts tend to reform.
Salivary stones are accumulations of calcium compounds, which can block a duct, causing pain and swelling. The pain typically is worse at meal times when salivary flow is promoted by the smell and tastes of foods. Salivary stones sometimes need to be removed surgically. Talk with your dentist for more information on formation of cysts in the mouth.
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