A new study shows an increased risk of patients developing illnesses, including mental ill-health and heart conditions, if they have a medical history of periodontal (gum) disease.
The researchers examined the data to establish how many of the patients with and without periodontal disease go on to develop cardiovascular disease (e.g., heart failure, stroke, vascular dementia), cardiometabolic disorders (e.g., high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes), autoimmune conditions (e.g., arthritis, Type 1 diabetes, psoriasis), and mental ill-health (e.g., depression, anxiety, and serious mental illness) over an average follow-up of around three years.
The team discovered that those patients with a recorded history of periodontal disease at the start of the study were more likely to go on and be diagnosed with one of these additional conditions over an average of three years, compared to those without periodontal disease at the beginning of the research. The results of the study showed the increased risk of developing mental ill-health was 37%, while the risk of developing autoimmune disease was increased by 33%, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease was raised by 18%, and the increased risk for Type 2 diabetes was 26%.
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